Saturday, April 18, 2020

Who is really Jean Nkuété, this personal friend of Paul Biya?

Doctor of quantitative economics at only 25 years old, the name of Jean Nkuété does not sound like that of someone who can think. Jean Nkueté, one of the first national economists to have influenced the thinking and economic practice of independent Cameroon. Cameroon has known such brilliant ones as Kodock, Osendé Afana, Pouémi, Monga…

The particularity of Jean Nkuété will be his long proximity to the government in place as soon as he entered the seraglio. This gave him the opportunity to test his thoughts on time and in the field. Since obtaining his Doctorate in 1969 when he was only 25 years old, Jean Nkuété has been called to serve his country. Upon his arrival, he was appointed Head of the General Planning Department of the Ministry of Planning until 1972. Subsequently, he was appointed Director of Economic and Technical Affairs until 1975. It was during this period that he will pilot Ahidjo's 3rd five-year plan. This plan will focus a lot on the agricultural sector. 

The expat Gérard Winter, who worked in the same Ministry, recognizes in his book "In search of development", that Jean Nkuété had "projected the 3rd plan to expire, the main quantities characterizing the Cameroonian economy", "plans who were at the heart of the plan's arbitration ”, with ideas“ consistent and that held water”. 

Nkéuté is said to be a "personal and childhood friend of Paul Biya to whom he refuses nothing". After his passage in this Ministry, Jean Nkuété is called to his very dear and tender friend Paul Biya. He will work in the Prime Minister's office, and they will strengthen their bond of friendship lasting many years. Thus after coming to power, Paul Biya appointed Jean Nkuété Vice-SG to the presidency in 1983. His main role is to "maintain contact with the business networks Bamiléké". 

In 1985, which marked the birth of the DPRK from the ashes of the UNC, Jean Nkuété was presented as "the most discreet, but in doubt the most influential", the "team coordinator". Jean Nkueté will also be appointed Minister of Agriculture, and since 2011, he is SG of the CPDM. 

Between 1999 and 2006, Jean Nkuété fully exercised his functions as an international economist and monetary expert. During this period, he was the Secretary General of CEMAC. With this sub-regional organization, the most important on the economic level, it will contribute to the monetary and economic integration of these different countries within the CEMAC.

Jean Nkueté is also an expert on FCFA issues, and the author of numerous books and reflections on the issue. In the preface to one of his books published in 1981, the preface suggests that Jean Nkueté "turns out to be one of our most fertile economists". In this year 1981, he was already the author of 04 reference works in monetary economics. 

Contrary to what one might think, his entry into politics, if it kept him out of the lecture halls, it did not keep him out of economics. Jean Nkuété will continue to write books and contributions around these questions. 

He is the author of numerous works: 

- Compensation mechanism in Central Africa, 1994 

- The CFA Franc in the face of changes in large account units, 1981

-An economic experience in Central Africa: Rwanda, 1990 

-The CFA franc against the euro, 1998 

-Money and finance as an engine of development: the case of Cameroon, 1980 

-A quantitative instrument of macroeconomic analysis -for Central Africa: case of Cameroon, 1977 

- Formalized method applied to Cameroonian planning, 1971