Thursday, April 2, 2020

Etoudi: how a political scientist defines the conditions of succession of Paul Biya

Five years before the end of the mandate of Paul Biya contracted in October 2018, his succession as has aroused reflections within the national opinion. If the lawyer Ma Christian Bomo Ntimbane thinks that the next president of Cameroon will win the presidential election with the tribal game, this is not the case of Siméon Roland Ekodo Mveng, political scientist who defines the prototype of the future president of the Cameroonian republic through a rather objective reading, which does not take into account the tribal game. Finally, he proposes the political system which currently corresponds to Cameroon.

A daring, deep and profitable alternation in Cameroon will have to go beyond the simple replacement of the outgoing bloc by a political group thirsting for rents, positioning or revenge. It will have to prune the idea of ​​tribal substitution to also become a transition of collective mentalities. It will have to bypass the monarchical agendas of cooptation and the neocolonial conservative regulations of power to the eternal advantage of the business dynasties and the networks of France. Otherwise we will fall back into the miasma of bad governance and exclusion which seriously compromise the future of the Nation State and living together in a country immensely rich in the grip of balkanization. 

The dissolvents attracted to tribalism in a traditional pre-democratic political society would be competence, the market economy, the rule of law and love of neighbor. You cannot modernize democracy and republican institutions when you have, in place of ideologically marked professional political parties; electoral cartels of conservation and conquest of power, regimentist posts of diversion of opinion and traction of prebends, ethnic brotherhoods in search of capture and colonization of public administration and clubs of frustrated.

Now to ward off the chaos of a useless confrontation and in particular, to find geopolitical balances and national unity in a context of separatist war and generalized suspicion, it would not be far-fetched when the time comes, and after having settled the question of transparency and electoral integrity; to experiment with a federalist system like that of Canada which promotes multiculturalism and social justice at the federal, regional and municipal levels, or perhaps to give, by convention, power also to a Bamileke or an English speaker after the 60 years of regime of a son from the North and the Great South ...