Sunday, January 26, 2020

Poverty is gradually having stands in Cameroon

According to a UNDP report, the gaps between the rich and the poor have widened a little more in recent years.

Between 2001 and 2014, income inequality increased in Cameroon. This is revealed in the “National Human Development Report 2019” released on January 16, 2020 by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). According to this document, the Gini index - which measures income inequality or the degree of concentration of consumption - initially fell slightly, from 40.4% in 2001 to 39% in 2007; before starting to rise again to reach 44% in 2014. Or, 5 percentage points more during the last seven years of the reference period of the Ecomatin written report. 

This translates, emphasizes the UNDP, "a worsening of consumption inequality" within the Cameroonian population. However, this inequality is also examined through the distribution of household consumption. Also, we learn, the consumption share of the poorest 20% of the population is declining. It went from 6.2% to 5% between 2001 and 2014. While the wealthiest households benefited from it "since the share in consumption of the 20% of the wealthiest households goes from 48.7% to 50 , 6% over the same period ”. 

The UNDP also specifies that “the increase in inequalities constitutes an additional concern for the government, because, this increase is in itself an obstacle to poverty reduction. Indeed, the greater the inequalities in a society, the more difficult it is to get the poorest out of their poverty situation ”. 

The organization of the United Nations system also gives an assessment of the Multidimensional Poverty Index (PMI), which makes it possible to identify poverty in its multiple facets, with the advantage of appreciating the different deprivations of individuals or households based on three dimensions: education, health, and living conditions. The IPM of UNDP, in the case of Cameroon, shows overall that "the access of the population to basic social services is an important and constant challenge".

It has been shown that 55.3% of the Cameroonian population is multidimensionally poor and that the poor suffer from deprivation in 52.8% of the indicators. It is also indicated that the differences between the urban and rural areas are very large. "Indeed, 85% of people living in rural areas suffer from multidimensional poverty due to multiple deprivations against 23% in urban areas", underlines the report of the UNDPD. 

“This situation suggests that multidimensional poverty, like monetary poverty, is an essentially rural phenomenon. This could be the consequence of the low availability of socio-economic infrastructure, the provision of services and job opportunities in this environment, "once again underlines the report written under the direction of Paul Tasong, Minister Delegate to the Minister of Economy and Jean Luc Stalon, Resident Representative of UNDP in Cameroon. 

To finish on this subject, the UNDP report indicates that 33% of the Cameroonian population lives in extreme multidimensional poverty with notable differences between the urban environment (8%) and the rural environment (56%). As for extreme deprivation, it affects 37.7% of the population, according to the strict criteria of deprivation.