Friday, January 17, 2020

Cameroon: school campuses become sanctuaries of violence

The public authorities seem overwhelmed by the attacks which multiply in the places of dispensation of knowledge and good manners.

Once again, a teacher was killed. On the front page of almost all the Cameroonian tabloids on Wednesday, January 15, 2020, there was only room for this tragedy that occurred at the Lycée classique de Nkolbisson, in the seventh arrondissement of the city of Yaoundé. The shock wave is such that the other media spent the day calling on all kinds of experts, to analyze and understand what happened, what pushed the young BBN to attack the life of his young teacher. in mathematics, Boris Kevin Tchakounte Njomi (26). The day before, the teacher being integrated into the Public Service was fatally stabbed by his student. On the circumstances of the drama, there are reports after contradictory versions, an altercation between the professor and the young man, at the end of which the pupil took a knife from his bag to stab the teacher twice before fleeing. At the heart of the dispute, a problem of grades. 

His comrades explain that on the eve of the Christmas holidays, the two had exchanged punches. A situation unfortunately not brought to the attention of administrative officials and which left the possibility for the little one to prepare the fatal response. His comrades' portrait is frightening: "a big school drug dealer", he regularly threatened students and teachers. “He always came to class late. Sometimes when he wanted to leave, he climbed the fence but his case had never been transmitted to the administration. He always had weird behaviors, ”testified a comrade. 

Addicted children 

In poorly secured enclosures In an outing that some people severely appreciate, the Minister of Secondary Education tried to reassure the teaching community about the diligence of the investigation. Ms. Nalova Lyonga indicated between the lines that this early career official died in an establishment in Yaoundé when he should have been at his post, Panke-Njindoum, in the Noun department, at Where is. This adds an administrative problem to the criticized insecurity. Could this detail explain what happened? According to our sources, he had been practicing there for two years as a math teacher and his behavior was not particularly different from that of other teachers at the establishment. So, 

A general observation is that security measures are not rigorous in and around educational establishments. No surveillance camera, glaring insufficiency of the supervisory staff. The state has not recruited this category of personnel for a long time. The search of the students is occasional, even if the booty is frightening: a head of a secondary school recently made the buzz by presenting to the cameras the bag of daggers which he says to have confiscated from the children, in a single unexpected descent into the classes . At the height of the fight against the terrorist threat from Boko Haram, schools were forced to acquire metal detectors. The psychosis passed, the use became random. To make matters worse, 

In this promiscuity which reinforces the nervousness of the actors, some use external complicity and the accomplice silence of the comrades, to confuse the vectors of security. Between them, the fights are managed with razor blades hidden in the geometry boxes, the compasses, the manual work equipment and many blunt objects.

Conflicts of models 

Many students traffick and sell drugs, under the complicit gaze of parents who often come to school to plead for the delinquents not to be excluded. For many teachers who commented on the incident, it is the fault of the system. They point an accusing finger at poor promotion of children's rights, with these multiple texts, bodies and organizations which, in recent years, give the impression of working for their emancipation. "Our schools are riddled with murderers and unscrupulous killers", regret some, who speak of a weakening of the authority of teachers by people who do not hesitate to mistreat them or to complain to them before jurisdictions to orders. Many regret the "deification" of the students. 

"He should not be punished, he should not be expelled from a room, even less from an establishment in the middle of the school year, he should not be brought to his knees, he should not be beaten, he should not must not have zero even if he has found nothing, he must not be insulted but he must still succeed ”, caricature one of them, to sum up the imbroglio in which teaching is now placed. “A student respects the teacher. A child respects the elder, even sometimes when the latter is wrong. These are the African values ​​that we have chased. Our teachers whipped us and we respected them. But today, you can meet your old master and not say hello, ”said another. 

We arrive at a confused situation where, instead of the opening of a school leading to the closure of a prison by the transmutation of values, the two must coexist. Observers are shocked by the apparent serenity of the little BBN, in whose eyes they look in vain for signs of contrition. However, this child faces the death penalty, by the act he has taken, under the provisions of paragraph 5 of article 156 of the Penal Code, which deals with violence against civil servants. "If the violence and assault are committed with the intention of killing, the culprit is punished with death," it reads. A real paradox. “We are not '' Jesus '' to transform water into wine or mud into gold. Our students see us as their executioners, obstacles to their development. At home, they use their phones at will and we are forbidden them. In the neighborhood, they smoke, drink alcohol and take drugs under the gaze of the elders, their sponsors. And we tell them it's not good. At home, they dictate their laws and parents execute. And we are asked to respect us. On weekends, they go to clubs with or without their parents' permission. And we on Monday are punished for not having done it. At 15 or 18, they are fathers and mothers of children, they boast about it. And we teach them that it's too early. They love money more than anything. we ask them to respect us. On weekends, they go to clubs with or without their parents' permission. And we on Monday are punished for not having done it. At 15 or 18, they are fathers and mothers of children, they boast about it. And we teach them that it's too early. They love money more than anything. we ask them to respect us. On weekends, they go to clubs with or without their parents' permission. And we on Monday are punished for not having done it. At 15 or 18, they are fathers and mothers of children, they boast about it. And we teach them that it's too early. They love money more than anything. 

And we tell them: go first… ”, analyzes Romeo Berlin Assiene, professor of philosophy in service in the Western region. Disillusioned conclusion: "In reality, we are apparently too old in a world that is too young, too upright in a world that is too twisted, too idealistic in a world that is too materialistic. We want to change a world that we have not built. Society makes brigands and the teacher must make them saints! » 

Teachers on the menu of… news items

Those who find him pessimistic must however bear in mind that teachers for some time have been running the news section in Cameroon. In this school year alone, scandals have multiplied. In the town of Bafoussam, a soldier invited himself to his daughter's school and beat up the mistress to the point of sending her to resuscitation. Two students from the bilingual Lycée de Bafoussam rural then attempted to experience the life of their general supervisor when he caught them robbing his office. A gendarme inflicted a fine correction on the censor of a high school in Douala, because she dared to reprimand his girlfriend who had arrived late for school. If we report the case of the teacher forced to kneel to ask his child for an apology, it is just to point out that the numerous attacks which teachers undergo on a daily basis and which do not make noise: in classrooms, on the way to school or in drinking places. Hence this provocative question: should we create a police brigade dedicated to the defense of teachers? 

Almost unanimously, the teachers maintain that in the exercise of their profession, it is prudent to avoid violent confrontations. "The force of ideas and not the idea of ​​force, especially physical force," suggests Guillaume Ebela, professor of letters. According to Bertin Tchinda, a university teacher and specialist in Neurolinguistic Programming, parents must resume service in the education of their offspring. “Parents are unable today to really know who their children are because they are generally not there with them and the education of children at home, the implementation of values ​​if there are any by housewives, neighborhood thugs, etc. Parents have forgotten that their role, their duty is not to do their part 

Same for the child himself, who must take responsibility for his own life, abandoning the easy way to embrace that of work. In today's school, the application of texts is a sea serpent.

A headmaster of Menoua once aroused the mockery of his collaborators, by announcing to the students during the weekly gathering that the use of the whip is prohibited, like the treatments judged inhuman or degrading. He was highly applauded and the teachers adept at these booed practices. Great was the surprise of his subordinates to see him himself, during the same week, inflict sound slaps on a band of children who had put him out of him! After last year's incident at Deido Bilingual High School, a program for securing school campuses germinated in a few brains, quickly relegated to Bantu calendars. Or rather, before everyday life catches up with us. According to an educational researcher, most school campuses, especially in rural areas, are difficult to secure. There are two reasons for this: their vast expanse in the middle of the fields and the poor occupation of spaces. 

What is more, constructions are initiated and conducted by parents' associations, which generally lack sufficient expertise to conduct them.