Friday, December 13, 2019

Here's how Paul Biya can save Cameroon

A session of Parliament is convened today and there is reason to believe that it will focus on the content of decentralization and, in particular, the special status of the English-speaking regions.

To a certain extent, this instance was expected. Indeed, the Biya regime has been the subject of intense diplomatic pressure to postpone the elections, and give itself time to ease tensions at NOSO by implementing the special status recommended at the Great National Dialogue. Since the Government, which does not like to withdraw, can not postpone the elections, it certainly wishes to please the International Community by adopting laws relating to this special status so as to relieve the pressure. 

But the essential question remains: even if such laws are adopted, will this lead to the end of the Secession or at least reduce its virulence? 

The answer is clearly no, quite the contrary! 

The special status was the official recognition that there is an Anglophone problem, and a scathing disavowal of those extremists who openly denied it. But far from appeasing the Secessionists, this concession has strengthened them in the feeling that only the force allowed to tear free spaces from the regime in place. Such a success, unexpected for a regime that showed rigor cadaveric in its approaches, rather revealed its serious weakness and hardened their positions. 

The secessionists now know that the regime will yield again, give in and give in again, and they will maintain their military pressure, relayed by the diplomatic pressure of the great powers that matter in the world today.

There is no need to wait for any lull in these areas. Admittedly, in the best of cases, the English Secession is there for the next 40 years, the average life of a secessionist movement, but the problem today is no longer to extinguish it definitively, but to reduce nuisance and attractiveness. But for this to be possible, it is imperative to disarm the historical argument of the Secession, which, it must be admitted, is extremely solid: under the control of the United Nations, Southern Cameroon had the choice between Nigeria and the United States. Cameroon. He chose Cameroon on the basis of a federal state. On the same basis, Northern Cameroon chose Nigeria. 

In an objective court, you can not convince the judges that the Government of Cameroon was right to abolish the Federation. And we see besides that no country in the world gives reason to the Government, the best disposed towards it being content to recommend to solve the problem amicably. And that's what you have to do, instead of playing the smart guy. It will not bring us anything. 

This policy of decay and small steps favor the Secession, which succeeded in imposing itself at the international level as a major problem when so-called patriots reassured the Government that there is nothing. What needs to be done now is to restore the 1961 Federation, possibly updated to take into account further developments in the system. There is no solution in the maintenance of the unitary state and to persist there, it aggravates the problem. 

Of course, some say that such a restoration will bring no peace, on the grounds that secessionists would be manipulated by foreigners. I do not say no, but at least the Government would have nothing to reproach itself for and the Secession would no longer have the argument of assimilation! 

And that counts!

It is for this reason that I urge Parliament to be useful at least once in its life, opening up a real prospect for the return to the Federation, possibly renewed. This is the only way to dry the anglophone secession. This does not mean that it has to proclaim the federation, but that it takes a provision that makes it clear that the form of the state can evolve if the people so decide. 

Because, it must be said clearly, cleanly and definitively! Anglophones will never return to the unitary state. There is no configuration of the unitary state that can soothe the Secession, because it is the word "unitary" that has itself become the fuel of hatred and war. 

And that is what Parliament will have to understand. 

But if he persists in his status as a registrar, then he will have helped the Government in the collapse of Cameroon.