Wednesday, December 18, 2019

Are they the real indigenous peoples of Cameroon?

Who are the indigenous peoples in Cameroon? The evocation of the expression indigenous peoples in Cameroon refers to the Mbororo communities and the Pygmies, indigenous peoples of the forests. The Mbororos or Fulani are nomadic breeders spread over the entire Cameroonian territory. More numerous in the northwest region with an estimated population of 38,000, this group has high concentrations in several regions of the country. Listed in the Adamawa, East, Far North, and West regions, they are also found on the borders with Nigeria, Chad and the Central African Republic.

The Pygmies or “indigenous peoples of the forests” are the first occupants of the equatorial forest and are present in several countries of the Central Africa subregion. In Cameroon, they are made up of three distinct population groups including the Bakas, the Bakola / Bagyéli and the Badzang. By far the largest group, the Bakas are located in the eastern and southern administrative regions. They bring together more than 40,000 people in four departments in the South and East regions.

The Bakolas and Bagyélis mainly occupy 12 districts in the Southern region. They are present at Akom II, Bipindi, Campo, Niete, Ma'an, Djoum, Mintom, Meyomessi, Oveng, Bengbis Kribi and Lolodorf. Of a population of more than 3,700 people, the Bakolas / Bagyélis cohabit with their Bantu neighbors whose languages ​​they also speak. The Badzang group is located in Ngambé Tikar in the Center region.

Journalist: Éric Kouachou