Sunday, December 1, 2019

Anglophone Crisis: the picture is getting darker in Cameroon - Human rights

Devoting an entire chapter to the Anglophone crisis, the report says that about 193 civilians were killed in 2018, 114 of them by separatist fighters. According to the report, another 69 people were killed by security forces and 10 others by unknown persons.
According to the report, 194 members of separatist groups were killed along with 52 members of the defense forces, resulting in a cumulative total of 360 deaths in 2018. 

The human rights body also recorded many cases of injuries among civilians. Among the wounded, there are also the defense and security forces and members of separatist groups in English-speaking areas. In addition, there are also public health centers and destroyed schools. 

"As a result of these investigations, the Commission has denounced the continued killings of some security forces by unidentified separatist armed groups, the killing of civilians by security forces, the unlawful arrest and detention of suspects and looting and destruction of property in some villages in the south-west and north-west of the country. 

Among the other issues cited in the 235-page document is the right to a fair trial, which, according to the commission, "remained a source of concern in 2018". This, he notes, is due to the slowness of judicial proceedings, cases of corruption of judges and non-enforcement of court decisions. 

With regard to the 2018 elections, the NCHRH hailed the innovation of the constitutional council, which heard the electoral challenges and proclaimed the results. Overall, the two polls took place in a relatively calm atmosphere, with the exception of the northwestern and southwestern regions where the climate of insecurity prevented the population of these regions from exercising their rights. of voting, "reads the report. 

The report also condemns the cases of torture or inhuman treatment of persons deprived of their liberty, particularly in the context of the criminal justice response to the security problems that persist in the north-west and south-west regions ".

Other key areas examined in the report include health, women and persons with disabilities. Regarding the Boko Haram insurgency in the Far North, the NCHRF noted that nearly 650 million FCFA were paid to the hostage takers in the region in 2018 cumulatively. 

The State's commitment to improving the human rights situation hoped for 

Speaking at the ceremony, Mr. Chemuta Divine Banda, Chairperson of the Commission, noted that the body had worked tirelessly to produce the although he would have liked some stakeholders to have been able to collaborate further and provide the necessary information. Another huge challenge, he adds, "was insecurity and we could not reach certain places. " 

"The Commission, he added, hopes that the State's commitment to improving the human rights situation and the work of the Commission will be reflected in the allocation of additional resources for its operations in coming years. 

According to Dr. Chemuta, the list is far from exhaustive. 

"We are aware that there are undocumented and undeclared human rights violations here and there in our country, but the realization of human rights is not the sole responsibility of the institution" , he added.

Despite the non-exhaustive nature of the report, Senator Nfor Tabetando, who is also a member of the commission, said that the commission had done its best. "Certainly, there are mistakes, but these mistakes can not be considered discrediting the quality of work," he said, adding that the data are far from biased. 


Responding to a question about the recent US decision to withdraw the benefits of AGOA from Cameroon, Dr. Chemuta explained that they know why they introduced AGOA, that they have goals and that their objectives, they say they will like to influence the behavior of states that benefit from AGOA ". 

As a friend of Cameroon, he said there was nothing wrong with the United States worrying about the country. As friends since the Boko Haram uprising, the United States and Cameroon have come a long way. 

"One thing they (the United States) say is consistent with what we human rights advocates say is that we should at all costs avoid violence and seek to resolve the problems that arise in the country through dialogue ", said the president of the CNDHLP.