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Tuesday, November 5, 2019

Resignation of Ahidjo on November 4, 1982: the role played by France uncovered

A thunderbolt, the President of Cameroon Ahmadou AHIDJO announced his resignation on November 4, 1982, at 8:20 pm and appointed Paul Biya as his successor. We have always made tons of them until today to say that it was France who would have forced him to resign, and that he would have liked to come back to power by organizing a coup d'etat. How did the first president of Cameroon come to this resignation and the appointment of Paul Biya? Reminder of the story. 

In December 1967, Ahmadou Ahidjo appointed Paul Biya as director of the civil cabinet of the presidency, when he was only 29 years old, and without any experience in the civil service. He returned from France with a letter of recommendation from Louis Paul Aujoulat in his suitcases. In August 1968, Ahmadou Ahidjo propelled Paul Biya Minister Secretary-General to the presidency, then Minister of State Secretary-General to the presidency. In June 1975, he made Paul Biya his prime minister. And to give him a royal carpet, Ahidjo promulgates Law No. 79/02 of 29 June 1979, which makes Prime Minister Paul Biya his constitutional successor. Everything had long been planned. 

Returning from a medical visit to Paris, President Ahmadou Ahidjo summons the members of the Political Bureau and the Central Committee of his UNC party, his decision to resign as President of the United Republic of Cameroon. Ahmadou Ahidjo secretly receives some faithful, including Sadou Daoudou, then Deputy Secretary General of the Presidency of the Republic, Maikano Abdoulaye, Minister of State for the Armed Forces, Bello Bouba Maïgari, Minister of Economy and Planning, and Ahmadou Hayatou, Secretary General of the National Assembly. Sadou Daoudou and Ahmadou Hayatou meet at the end of the afternoon, the same day. Joseph-Charles Doumba, Minister in charge of missions to the Presidency of the Republic, is received twice a day by Ahmadou Ahidjo, and the last.

President Ahidjo summons Paul Biya to his residence on November 3, 1982 and informs him at 10:15 that he will be his successor in 24 hours. He also summons Samuel Eboua to inform all members of the government. All are in tears and come back with Delphine Tsanga and Paul Biya, begging President Ahidjo not to resign, even if taking leave for a year. Furious, he answers them:? No one is indispensable. Is it my death that you want? Or do you want me to crash in public by making a speech? ?. The next day, Ahidjo announces his resignation after 24 years and 8 months of power. He was only 58 years old and was not lying on a hospital bed. 

At a press conference in Paris two years later, Ahidjo explains:? I took myself and the decision alone to resign, because I believe that power is not a personal privilege, but a service of the state and that we must not cling to it. and against everything, while one experiences lasting or transitory health difficulties. No French or foreign doctor offered me or recommended to resign. I was told to change the pace of my work, a delegation of the central committee of the UNC of which Biya was a part, came to beg me to return to my decision when it was not yet public. I made my decision, as dictated by my conception of the service of the state. 25 years at the head of Cameroon allowed me to believe and to say that I had sufficiently served my country.

37 years later, Paul BIYA, bedridden 87 years, wants to die in power. At the same time, he kills Cameroon. In less than 3 years of power, he had emptied the 1500 billion CFA francs of oil revenues deposited by his predecessor in US banks. Revenues managed by BNP in France and BICIC in Cameroon have been looted. 

Successful companies such as FONADER, SOCAME, MIDEVIV, FOGAPE, CAMSHIP have been liquidated. CAMEROON AIRLINES, which was the first national airline in Africa with 11 aircraft, went bankrupt. The National Electricity Company, whose 388 megawatt hydroelectric plant was one of Ahidjo 's flagship projects, was sold off by Biya. The SNEC water company has also been smuggled to the British. The 622 km section of railway linking Yaounde? in Ngaounde? re? built by Ahidjo between 1964 and 1974, was offered gift by Biya to French Bolloré, as well as the autonomous port of Douala-Bonabéri. 

Under Ahidjo, Cameroon was a developing country that was carrying out projects through the five-year plans. But under Biya, it became a poor and highly indebted country with a public deficit estimated by the IMF at 41% of GDP in 2021. 

Under Ahidjo, Cameroon had reached food self-sufficiency. Under Biya, Cameroon knows riots of hunger and imports one billion five hundred million tons of food a year; hence a deficit of 700 billion FCFA of its trade balance. 

Under Ahidjo, Cameroon was respected abroad. US President John Kennedy came to greet the Cameroonian president at the foot of the plane and opened the door of the car after his visit to the United States Under Biya, Cameroon was by Donald Trump of AGOA a few months after Paul Biya be fired from the Intercontinental Hotel Geneva.

Under Ahidjo, Cameroon, model of management of public affairs, was crowned double world champion of corruption under Biya. Almost 2,000 billion CFA francs destined for the organization of CAN 2019 were diverted with impunity. All infrastructure projects financed by the IMF, the World Bank and others, are abandoned after misappropriation of funds allocated. 

Under Ahidjo, Cameroon was ruled and the head of state held weekly ministerial councils. Under Biya, there have been about ten ministerial councils in 37 years! Paul Biya is even unable to tour the ten regions of his country, or simply go to the bedside of the victims of the Wum, Eseka, Boko Haram disasters and the war of secession that he provoked. 

The only project or? President Ahidjo failed is to have built a beautiful country, a wonderful presidential palace at 200 billion CFA francs, to offer a simple idle king who proclaims himself? best student of France? . As Ahidjo confessed in 1984: "I humbly admit that I was mistaken about the person Biya whom I had estimated, protected, filled and carried alone to the head of the State?


Reporter: Rémy Ngono