Thursday, March 28, 2019

Anglophone Crisis: diplomatic cables reveal the role of France

In the conflict with English-speaking separatists, Paris did not hide to show support for Yaoundé. It could hardly be otherwise. According to its own diplomatic cables, eminent jurists and historians, the Republic of Cameroon, as we know it today, is partly the work of France. Yet his challenge is the source of the Anglophone problem. And the current conflict in the north-west and south-west regions (part of western Cameroon that decided to link with eastern Cameroon to form the "Republic of Cameroon", the other part having been attached to Nigeria) is a metastasis.

Exogenous adjuvant

Many nationals of these two regions believe that this construction was done to the detriment of their cultures and institutional traditions, legal, administrative. What also confirms a pile of letters exchanged between the French diplomats present in Cameroon and those intended for the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the period 1961-1985, of which Intégration obtained a copy. In a letter, dated January 8, 1962, addressed to the new French consul in Buea, Jean-Pierre Bernard, the French ambassador to Cameroon at the time, said in substance: while the "Foumban conference of July 1961 "Plans to respect" the personality of the two member states, "Ahmadou Ahidjo, former president of eastern Cameroon, became president of the Federal Republic of Cameroon, undertakes, after reunification, to" Frenchify the Western Territory ". This process is done with the help of France.

According to Fabien Nkot, to reach their end, Ahidjo and Biya, his successor, use the "political perversion of law." The current technical adviser to the Prime Minister's services theorizes the concept in his thesis entitled "Political Perversion of the Law and the Construction of the Unitary State in Cameroon", defended in February 2001 at the University of Laval in Quebec. His research shows that in the context of the establishment of the unitary state, "the repositories of power imagine and elaborate a set of legal cheating techniques that they mobilize progressively and systematically to achieve the political objectives that they are previously fixed. And France is the only country cited by the Cameroonian lawyer and political scientist as "an exogenous adjunct to the practices of political perversion of the law". According to Fabien Nkot, Paris plays this role through the French legal advisers whose Cameroonian presidents attach the services and the transfer of legal technologies.


Many anecdotes exist about the interest of the Hexagon in the assimilation project of the North-West and South-West regions.Cardinal Christian Tumi reports in his book "My faith: a Cameroon to refurbish" ?, published in 2011 by Veritas Publishing."We were invited, other bishops from French-speaking Africa and myself, to the French Embassy to the Holy See. An official of the French Embassy approached me and told me: We (France of course) are happy that you are succeeding cultural assimilation of English speakers, "writes the prelate.

Jean-Pierre Bernard, former French ambassador to Cameroon: "We can not ignore the will of the Cameroonian government to give the former British zone the benefit of 40 years of French administration. "Support and bring him our full support.It is in this perspective that your action will have to be oriented"

The instructions of Jean-Pierre Bernard to Ives Robin, new consul of France in Buea, January 8, 1962, are even more on the role of Paris: "We can not lose interest in the will of the Cameroonian government to give the former British zone the benefit of 40 years of French administration, but we must support it and give it our full support. It is in this perspective that should be primarily directed your action, "urged the Ambassador of France to Cameroon at the time.

Also, Paris is it very acti throughout the implementation of the assimilation project. We can see him through the multiple letters of his diplomats stationed in Cameroon, seeking more resources to support Ahmadou Ahidjo's regime and the number of cables relating to the actions and actions of British and Nigerian agents, as well as American officials, accused of wanting to sabotage the project of assimilation.