link add

link add

Thursday, February 14, 2019

Anglophone Crisis: Cameroon shared between federalism and decentralization

The story goes that President Ahidjo wanted to erase from the collective memory the failure of the 1961 referendum in the former German "Kamerun", which had seen part of the territory attached to Nigeria. Cameroon has focused on federalism in the early years of its independence. He opted for a united republic. This will be consecrated later, by referendum: May 20, 1972.

Today, the state is struggling to decentralize. For Master Zacharie Ndengue, the Yaounde regime bunkerized and plunged the whole country into a dramatic void. "Why decentralization was not implemented the day after its adoption?" "We have a problem of inertia, a problem of governance." It's wrong! We have a handful of individuals who confiscated all the wealth of Cameroon, that's the fundamental problem, "explains Ndengue.

Decentralization struggling to settle

23 years after its consecration by the constitutional law of 18 January 1996, decentralization is not yet effective and the current Anglophone crisis is one of its consequences. The long wait for the implementation of the mechanisms of decentralization, coupled with the long duration of clashes between separatists and republican forces has significantly undermined any attempt to return peace.

Greater empowerment of regions can only be the result of strong political will, says Valery Njonkou, geopolitician. "I think that today, it is more a question of regionalism in this part of the country than of decentralization, which will only stop at the commune level, but the anglophones would like to self-manage.If we have presidents of regions, this can at some point to ease tensions, "concludes the geopolitician.

However, the late creation of the regional council and the completion of the implementation of decentralization will enable local and regional authorities to promote participatory democracy, governance and local development at all levels.