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Thursday, December 6, 2018

HIV AIDS: the East declared as the second most affected region of Cameroon

With a prevalence rate of 5.9%, the region of the rising sun ranks second in the national rankings with 17 thousand people under treatment. 

The region of East Cameroon, is the second most affected region in Cameroon by HIV-AIDS.

The main outbreaks of the disease are: GarouaBoulaï, a border town hosting more than 50,000 Central African refugees, with a prevalence rate of 8.2%, much higher than the regional average of 5.9% , Abong-Mbang and Messamena. "In these localities, 07 women against 04 men are declared sick during the screening" informs a health authority of this region.The most affected age group is between 14 and 24 years old.

HIV / AIDS has already decimated several families and continues to wreak havoc."Currently, we have about 17,000 people living with HIV / AIDS in the Eastern Region," says an internal source at the Regional Technical Group on AIDS. The same source states that "in this region, women are more vulnerable than men".

In 2017, 412 deaths and nearly 6,000 new infections were recorded. "With the decentralization of care, the East has so far 43 units of care for people living with HIV / AIDS," says Dr Aubin Nino Baleba, coordinator of the regional technical group for the fight against AIDS (GtrEst ). This decentralization also integrates treatment.

"Associations are involved in addition to health facilities. They are currently 800 patients who are supported in different associations, "he says. Once again this year, screening has been accentuated by the acquisition of new mobile screening units and the acceleration of treatment with the "Test and treat" initiative.

There has also been an improvement in the care of infected persons. In this register, more than 80% of pregnant women who have followed their pregnancies know their serological status."In the Eastern Region, the disease tends to feminize with a prevalence rate of 24.3% among female workers 37.2% among homosexuals and 3.96% among the prison population" , we learn.

However, much remains to be done to reach the target of 90-90-90% set by UNAIDS, to put an end to this pandemic by 2020. The government and its development partners multiply strategies to limit the ravages of this disease.