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Thursday, December 6, 2018

Drugs destroy the Cameroon school system

Early drug use and the problems associated with persistent drug use are known risk factors that can lead to delinquency later in life. Many studies have shown that there is a very strong relationship between crime and drug and alcohol use. Indeed, these substances are often intimately linked to criminal behavior.

Among the risk factors highlighted by scientific research, we find: attendance of negative peers, mistaken beliefs about the prevalence of illicit substance use, inconsistent or abusive parenting, exclusion in the workplace school and low self-esteem.

Studies have also shown that the same risk and protective factors often affect other behaviors, such as violence, delinquency, dropping out of school, risky sexual behavior and early pregnancy. Studies on several risk factors have shown that they have a cumulative effect. The more a youth is exposed to multiple risk factors, the more likely he or she will engage in delinquent or violent behavior.

To wring the neck of this scourge, the sub-director of mental health at the Ministry of Public Health has mobilized a hundred psychologists, psychomotor and nurses specializing in schools. The role of this volunteer staff is to listen to and advise students who are prone to drug use in schools. A phenomenon that has been gaining momentum for some years now.

According to Dr. Laure Justine Mengue, Psychiatrist, Deputy Director of Mental Health at the Ministry of Public Health, "the marketing and use of drugs are mental health, it is abnormal behavior vis-à-vis 'a substance ". For her, "when an individual consumes drugs, it is either to procure pleasure because it is uncomfortable, or to calm an anxiety or anxiety in order to be in a second state and continue to live, "she said.

As part of a campaign that began on February 8, 2018, the Department of Public Health's Mental Health Branch is responsible for defining strategies and action plans for early detection, prophylaxis and prevention. the treatment of mental disorders.

It is also responsible for the formulation and dissemination of simple prevention and treatment methods for mental disorders that can be provided in the context of primary health care and traditional medicine. As well as the development and implementation of training programs for health and social workers in the prophylaxis, diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.

To effectively reduce drug use, school-based prevention programs must be targeted, take into account the results of scientific research, use interactive methods and be youth-centered.