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Friday, December 7, 2018

Douala: high abortions rate registered each month

Poverty, lack of education and information on family planning, among other reasons that push young girls to this practice still prohibited in Cameroon. 

Bepanda, populous district of Douala this Tuesday, December 04, 2018, the franchised clinic (a hospital training that works in partnership with 10 others in the supply of reproductive health services) has opened its doors. This structure of the Cameroon National Association for Family Welfare (CAMNAFAW) is raising awareness about HIV.

However, other benefits are available; that of monitoring clandestine abortions is one of those that operate 24 hours a day from Monday to Monday. Defined by gynecologists as a voluntary termination of a pregnancy that occurs after eight weeks of conception, abortion in most cases occurs underground and under very risky conditions.

Young girls are more at risk because of poverty and ignorance of existing contraceptive methods. "We have just received a girl who has had an abortion and we will give her the necessary care for her case. On average, we receive 100 girls aged 15 to 25 per month. It is a phenomenon that is growing, "says Adèle Béatrice Youmi, assistant midwife nurse in this clinic. His colleague from the Clinic Essec locality, near a campus of the University of Douala is also concerned.

"We can count 40 cases of incomplete abortion every month on average. The age of the clients varies between 18 and 25 years, "says Claudine Njang Mokbak, midwife at the clinic cited above. The potions used are most unsuspected: a high dose of whiskey, antimalarial (quinine), honey, oxytocin. Those received at the Bependa franchise clinic say they use cassava leaves, baobab leaves, and so on. The sale of the Mifepack, the effects of which are considered to be destructive to the woman's reproductive system, remains subject to a strict medical prescription that is little known to the health care workers in Cameroon.

The reasons: "They say that they are not yet ready to become mothers, that they want to continue their studies, that they want to find a job first, that they have objectives to reach. The parents, often surprised by the complications, accompany them. Except rarely, we received a parent who comes to ask that his daughter has an abortion, "says Gabriel Atebah, state-licensed nurse specialist in the care of abortions at the Clinic Essec.Here as in Bepanda, the care is done immediately, even without money.

Clear and crisp information  Through funding from the PACKARD Foundation project, supported by the International Plan Parenthood Federation (IPPF), which makes a point of honoring the rights to reproductive health and sexuality of young adolescents, in accordance with the different protocols, plan of action and conventions, the attached African Union Charter, all of this backed by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDOs) and Agenda 2063.

The teams place a strong emphasis on client sensitization prior to manual intrauterine aspiration when needed or another method, depending on the situation

"Counseling explains the technique, it continues during and after the service, and raises awareness about contraceptive methods , sexually transmitted infections and hiv, and gender-based violence (GBV) In the end, girls choose a contraceptive method, "says Claudine Njang Mokbak:

"There are some who do not submit and we see them again after asking to have an abortion again. This is why we have recently integrated a contraceptive method (implant) before offering the service they seek. We have all the modern methods; even the Sayana-press although still little known and little accepted. We invite the Ministry of Public Health to increase awareness to get more women into this contraceptive, "said Gabriel Atebah.