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Friday, October 12, 2018

Election 2018: The old demons are released in Cameroon

With its 250 ethnic groups living together in a population of 20 million, Cameroon is a great melting pot. But the period seems now gone when ethnic differences could be expressed without taboo, or even in jokes. Today, the issue is taken very seriously.

Even among intellectuals, there are groupings by ethnic affinities within the same corporation. Thus, among the lawyers, there are clubs of nationals of the Littoral, the West, the Center or the South.The same thing happens at the top of the country.

The Cameroonian sociologist Martial Ze Belinga said he observed "around the political decision, the public decision, executives who come from a region that is close to that of the president or the same region as the president or prime minister, etc.. " He denounces what he calls "ethno-centered clientelism".

The consequences of clientelism mentioned by the sociologist Ze Belinga have been exacerbated by certain positions on social networks during the presidential election.

André Julien Mbem, novelist and researcher at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris complains."This is extremely disturbing!" does he think.

Presidential opposition in Cameroon: towards a third crisis?

With the standoff between the outgoing president, Paul Biya, and the opponent Maurice Kamto, who claims victory, Sunday's presidential election in Cameroon opens a breach p.

According to Mr. Mbem, "if we was not in a virtual world (on social networks), Cameroon would be today fire and blood! We have seen intellectuals supposed to be references for the Cameroonian society to engage in abject tribal attacks against such or Such a community This presidential election is symptomatic of the collapse of values ​​in Cameroonian society and especially of the disintegration of the social contract in Cameroon today. "

André Julien Mbem and Martial Ze Belinga describe a situation made even more complex by the Anglophone crisis of the past two years. Despite the presence of English-speaking nationals in the state apparatus, English-speaking secessionist groups complain of a lack of representation in the most prestigious functions of the country.