Friday, August 3, 2018

UNICEF Cameroon Humanitarian Situation Report, January-June 2018


• In the cholera outbreak in the North region, 20 cases were registered as well as 3 deaths as of 3 July. UNICEF is supporting prevention activities through the provision of supplies and social mobilization.

• Emergency Response Plan for North West and South West regions was launched on May 27 to assist 160,000 displaced persons in the two regions with the total budget of $15.1 million.

• In the East and Adamaoua regions, 442 unaccompanied and separated children (192 girls and 250 boys) were identified between January and June 2018. These 442 children represent 221% of UNICEF’s 2018 target beneficiaries.

• A significant funding gap for WASH (82%) and Health (86%) resulted in the low achievement for the targets set for life-saving intervention: only 7.5% of the targeted people gained access to water, while no child was reached with measles vaccination.




Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

In the first six months of 2018, the evolving situation in the North West and South West Regions of Cameroon prompted the humanitarian community to develop an Emergency Response Plan that was launched in May. This plan requires $15 million to provide initial assistance for three months to 160,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Meme and Manyu divisions in the South West and in Boyo, Momo, and Ngo-Ketunjia divisions in the North West. UNICEF is preparing to respond in the domain of WASH, Health, Nutrition, Child Protection, reinforced by community engagement and mobilisation for the IDPs and host communities. Partnership agreements are in the process of finalization, and additional human resources have been recruited to support the response. On 1 June, UNICEF issued a joint statement with UNESCO demanding the immediate release of the abducted educational personnel, stopping the attacks on schools and calling belligerents to respect the right of children to quality education in a secure learning environment. In June, the government also published the National Emergency Response Plan of the North West and South West regions.




In the Far North region, newly released IOM data1 reported 238,099 IDPs in the region, signaling a 1% decrease compared to the 241,030-figure reported in December 2017. Over the course of the past six months, according to UNHCR statistics, the number of Nigerian refugees has increased from the 94,371 in January to 95,172 refugees in June. In April and May 2018, UNICEF conducted humanitarian needs assessments in Mayo Sava and Logone and Chari divisions in the Far North region along the border with Nigeria. The insecurity and displacement created by the Boko Haram insurgency in these areas has created acute needs for assistance in education; health; water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH); and child protection for vulnerable populations. In areas where IDPs are living in Zamaï, Mokolo division, in the Far North, UNICEF has supported the response to the scabies outbreak by supplying the Health District with supplies, including medicine and WASH kits. Traditional leaders in Zamaï continue to play an active role in sensitizing communities about hygiene in an effort to curb transmission.




In the North region, the cholera outbreak that emerged in mid-May has reportedly caused 20 registered cases, four confirmed cases, and three deaths in three health districts (Guider, Mayo Oulo, and Golombé) as of 3 July. UNICEF has supported the response to this outbreak by providing cholera prevention items (e.g. basic WASH kits including buckets and soap; water treatment tablets; chlorine tablets etc.), which have been distributed within affected areas. UNICEF has also supported awareness-raising activities among vulnerable populations by working closely with health districts in the North to support social mobilization on cholera prevention as well as disseminating prevention information through community radio stations. In addition, UNICEF plans to support the training of community health workers.




In the East, Adamaoua and North regions, hundreds of people continued to flee the Central African Republic (CAR) due to skirmishes between Central African Armed Defense Forces, United Nations CAR stabilization (MINUSCA) soldiers, and the armed group occupying areas in CAR. Between January-June 2018, UNHCR registered 3,535 new arrivals. Even these relatively small numbers of continuous new arrivals from CAR will add great pressure on host families and communities who are already sharing limited resources, which is predicted to exacerbate pre-existing challenging conditions.

UNICEF has been working on a resilience strategy with other agencies to enable refugees and host communities to increase their capacity to adapt to current sociodemographic and economic challenges and to cope with the influx of new refugees. In May, an interagency needs assessment in collaboration with WFP, UNHCR and other humanitarian partners was conducted to identify priority needs in Gbiti, Wissambo, Boma, and Bombe-Pana in the East region. The assessment identified WASH, psychosocial support and access to education as the priorities falling within UNICEF’s expertise and most urgently needed in Wissambo and Gbiti. According to local sources, there have also been reports of sexual exploitation of adolescent girls and child labor during this period in Garoua Boulai, Betare Oya, Kette, and Ngaoui sub-divisions.




The humanitarian response to the CAR crisis faces a significant funding gap as the needs transition from humanitarian to longer-term development. Limited humanitarian funding hinders UNICEF’s ability to adequately respond to the needs of new asylum seekers, while also continuing to support 242,052 CAR refugees who remain in Cameroon.